Speaking Brazilian Podcast

100 most used words in Portuguese (2/10)

September 11, 2018

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Transcription of the video:

Hello. I'm Virginia, creator of Brazilian Speaking.

This is the second video of the series: the 100 most common words in Brazilian Portuguese. I've divided this series into 10 videos, and in each video,  I’ll talk about 10 words.

Before we begin our lesson, I would like to make a small announcement. I created an online course for beginners called The Essential Course for Beginners, and I would like to let you know that the first class will begin on September 24th. The course will last three months. In these three months, I will teach you everything you need to know to evolve from beginner to intermediate level.

In this course, you’ll have live lessons with me once a week, and you’ll also have unlimited access to dozens of videos, textbooks, audio exercises, conversation exercises, among many other things.

I'm very excited about this course and can’t wait to get started. If you are interested in participating, take a look at my school's website: school.speakingbrazilian.com.

Enrollment will open only on September 14, but you can already pre-enroll to receive a special discount.

Let's begin today’s lesson. The second group of the most used words in Portuguese are pronouns.

11 - eu
The word number 11 is the personal pronoun eu.
Eu means I, in English.

Let's look at some examples:

Eu sou brasileira (I'm Brazilian).
Eu falo português (I speak Portuguese).

12 – você
The word number 12 is the personal pronoun você.
The word você means you, in English.

Let's look at some examples:
Você é americana (You are American).
Você fala português (You speak Portuguese).

13 - ela/ele
The word number 13 is the personal pronoun ela/ele.
The word ela means she, in English. And the word ele means he, in English.

Let's look at some examples:
Ela é brasileira (She is Brazilian).
Ele é brasileiro (He is Brazilian).

14 - a gente
The word number 14 is the pronominal phrase a gente.
A gente means we, in English. It’s a more informal way of saying we.

Let's look at some examples:
A gente é do Brasil (We are from Brazil).
A gente fala português (We speak Portuguese).

15 - esta/este
The word number 15 is the demonstrative pronoun esta / este.
The word esta/este means this, in English. This word varies in gender, feminine (esta) and masculine (este), and it also varies in number, singular or plural.

Let's look at some examples:
Esta é minha amiga, Maria (This is my friend, Maria).
Este é meu amigo, João (This is my friend, João).
Estas são minhas canetas (These are my pens).
Estes são meus livros (These are my books).

16 - minha/meu
The word number 16 is the possessive pronoun minha/meu.
The pronoun minha/meu can be translated as my or mine, in English. This pronoun varies in gender, feminine (minha) or masculine (meu), and also in number, singular or plural.

Let's look at some examples:
Esta é minha caneta (This is my pen).
Esta caneta é minha (This pen is mine).
Estes são meus livros (These are my books).
Estes livros são meus (These books are mine).

17 - sua/seu
The word number 17 is the possessive pronoun sua/seu.
The pronoun sua/seu can be translated as your or yours, in English. This pronoun varies in gender, feminine (sua) or masculine (seu), and also in number, singular or plural.

Let's look at some examples:
Esta caneta é sua (This pen is yours).
Esta é sua caneta (This is your pen).
Estes livros são seus (These books are yours).
Estes são seus livros (These are your books).

18 - que
The word number 18 is the interrogative pronoun que.
The pronoun que can be translated as what or which, in English.

Let's look at some examples:
Que horas são? (What time is it?)
Que cor você prefere? (What color do you prefer?)

19 – quem
The word number 19 is the interrogative pronoun quem.
The word quem can be translated as who or whom, in English.
Here are some examples:
Who is she? (Quem é ela?)
Whom are you travelling with? (Com quem você vai viajar?)

20 – qual
The word number 20 is the interrogative pronoun qual.
The word qual can be translated as what or which, in English.

Here are some examples:
What is your name? (Qual é o seu nome?)
Which one is your favorite color? (Qual é sua cor favorita?)

That’s it. These are the 10 words of today. Now, I would like you to do a homework: write a comment below using at least one of the words we studied in this video.

I recommend that you watch this video at least two more times to assimilate the content. Remember to like this video and subscribe to my channel. Every week, I post a new video, with tips on grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation of Brazilian Portuguese. In the next video, I'll talk about the ten more words that are commonly used in Brazilian Portuguese.

Thanks for watching this video and see you next time!

Tchau, tchau!